An Introduction to the UK’s 14 Allergens

Every day, people are being informed that they have allergies. Not only will this affect their lives, but the lives of those around them. This can range from what products they use on their skin, to what they wear, to what they eat.

Geeta and Reena have both attested to the hardships they faced when Geeta was first diagnosed as a Coeliac. Things that were once so simple – like going out for a meal, or bonding through cooking – was now like a minefield. It can sometimes be difficult to find the right information when you’re new to the Free From Community. Fortunately, things are changing for the better everyday, with information, advice, and products becoming increasingly accessible.

Below are the UK’s 14 Major Food Allergens, where they can be found, and what to look out for on the label when going for your weekly shop.

  1. CELERY
    Includes: celery stalks, celery leaves, celery seeds, and the root called celeriac.
    Found in: celery salt, salads, some meat products, soups, marmite, bouillon, vegetable juice, spice mixes, and stock cubes.
    What to look for on the Label: Celery seed, celery leaf, celery salt, celeriac/celeriac, celery stalk.
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION


     

  2. CEREALS CONTAINING GLUTEN
    Includes:
    wheat (including spelt and Khorasan wheat/Kamut), rye, barley, and oats
    Found in: flour, baking powder, batter, breadcrumbs, bread, cakes, couscous, meat products, pasta, pastry, sauces, soups, and fried foods which as dusted with flour, crackers, chocolates
    On Label: wheat, durum wheat, semolina, spelt, Kamut, einkorn, Faro, Barley, Rye, oat, malt, couscous.
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION


  1. CRUSTACEANS
    Includes:
    crabs, lobster, prawns, and scampi.
    Found in: shrimp paste, paella, fish pastes and soups, and Southeast Asian curries or salads.
    On Label: amphipods, barnacles, crabs, hermit crabs, crayfish, isopods, lobsters, mussel shrimp, mantis shrimp, mysids, sea spiders, prawns, and shrimp.
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION


  1. EGGS
    Found in:
    cakes, meat products, marzipan, marshmallow, baked goods, natural flavourings, nougat, custard, mayonnaise, mousses, pasta, quiche, sauces, pastries, and foods brushed/glazed with egg.
    On Label: albumin, apovitellin, cholesterol free egg substitute, dried egg solids, dried egg, egg white, egg yolk, egg wash, eggnog, fat substitutes, globulin, livetin, lysozyme, mayonnaise, meringue, meringue powder, ovalbumin, ovoglobulin, ovomucin, ovomucoid, ovotransferrin, ovovitelia, ovovitellin, powdered eggs, silici albuminate, simplesse, surimi, trailblazer, vitellin, whole egg
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION


 

  1. FISH
    Found in:
    fish sauces, pizzas, relishes, salad dressings, stock cubes, barbecue sauce, Caesar dressing, meatloaf, gelatine, relishes, and Worcestershire sauce.
    On Label: anchovies, bass, catfish, cod, flounder, grouper, haddock, hake, halibut, herring, mahi mahi, perch, pike, pollock, salmon, scrod, swordfish, sole, snapper, tilapia, trout, tuna.
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION


 

  1. LUPIN
    Includes:
    flowers, lupin flour, lupin seeds
    Found in: flour, bread, pastries, pasta, pies, waffles, pancakes, products containing crumb, pizzas, vegetarian meat substitute, deep fried vegetables (e.g. onion rings).
    On Label: lupine, lupin flour, lupin seed, lupin bean
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION


 

  1. MILK
    Found in:
    butter, cheese, cream, milk powder, yoghurt, powdered soups and sauces, and foods brushed or glazed with milk.
    On Label: acidophilus milk, buttermilk, buttermilk blend, buttermilk solids, cultured milk, condensed milk, dried milk, dry milk solids (DMS), evaporated milk, fat‐free milk, fully cream milk powder, goat’s milk, lactose free milk, low fat milk, malted milk, milk derivative, milk powder, milk protein, milk solids, milk solid pastes, nonfat dry milk, nonfat milk, nonfat milk solids, pasteurised milk, powdered milk, sheep’s milk, skim milk, skim milk powder, sour milk, sour milk solids, sweet cream buttermilk powder, sweetened condensed milk, sweetened condensed skim milk,whole milk, 1% milk, 2% milk, Butter — artificial butter, artificial butter flavour, butter, butter extract, butter fat, butter flavoured oil, butter solids, dairy butter, natural butter, natural butter flavour, whipped butter, Casein & caseinates — ammonium caseinate, calcium caseinate, hydrolyzed casein, iron caseinate magnesium caseinate, potassium caseinate, sodium caseinate, zinc caseinate, cheese (all types), cream, Whipped cream, Curds, Custard, Dairy product solids, Galactose, Ghee, Half & Half Hydrolysates — Casein hydrolysate, Milk protein hydrolysate, Protein hydrolysate, Whey hydrolysate, Whey protein hydrolysate Ice cream, Ice milk, Sherbet, Casein, Whey, Lactoalbumin, Lactulose, Lactoferrin, Lactoglobulin, Milk protein, Hydrolysate, Lactalbumin, Lactalbumin phosphate, Lactate solids, Lactyc yeast, Lactitol monohydrate, Lactoglobulin, Lactose, Lactulose, Milk fat, anhydrous milk fat, Nisin preparation, Nougat, Pudding, Quark, Recaldent, Rennet, Rennet casein, Simplesse® (fat replacer), Sour cream, Sour cream solids, Imitation sour cream, Whey — acid whey, Cured whey, Delactosed whey, Demineralised whey, Hydrolyzed whey, Powdered whey, Reduced mineral whey, Sweet dairy whey, Whey, Whey protein, Whey protein concentrate, Whey powder, Whey solids, Yogurt (regular or frozen), Yogurt powder
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION


 

  1. MOLLUSCS*
    Includes:
    mussels, land snails, squid, whelks, shellfish*
    Found in: oyster sauce, fish stews, scallops, calamari.
    On Label: oysters, snails, scallops, mussels, clams, cockles, abalone, mussels, octopus, oysters.
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION

 

  1. MUSTARD
    Includes: liquid mustard, mustard seeds, powdered seeds
    Found in: breads, curries, marinades, meat products, salad dressings, processed meat products, chutney, pesto, seasonings and flavourings, sauces, and soups.
    On Label: mustard powder, mustard seeds, mustard flour, mustard leaves, mustard oil, sprouted mustard seeds.
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION

 

  1. NUTS*
    Not to be mistaken for peanuts, which actually are legumes and grow underground.
    Includes: cashews, almonds, hazelnuts, treenuts*
    Found in: breads, biscuits, crackers, desserts, nut powders, curries, stir-fried dishes, ice cream, marzipan (almond paste), chocolate spread, crackers, baked goods, natural flavouring, nut oils, and sauces
    On Label: almond, hazelnuts, walnuts, cashews, pecan nuts, Brazil nuts, pistachio nuts, macadamia, Queensland nuts, Almond paste, Anacardium nuts, Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae) [botanical name, Cashew], Bertholletia excelsa (Lecythidaceae) [botanical name, Brazil nut], Carya illinoensis (Juglandaceae) [botanical name, Pecan], Juglans spp. (Juglandaceae) [botanical name, Walnut, Butternut, Heartnut] Karite (shea nut), Lichee nut, Litchi chinensis Sonn. Sapindaceae [botanical name, Lichee nut] Lychee nut, Macadamia nut, Macadamia spp. (Proteaceae) [botanical name, Macadamia nut/Bush nut], Mandelonas, Marzipan, Mashuga nuts, Nangai nuts, Natural nut extract (for example, almond extract), Nougat, Nu-Nuts®, Nut butters (e.g., Almond butter, Hazelnut butter, Brazil nut butter, Macadamia nut butter, Pistachio nut butter, Shea nut butter, Karike butter, as well as other nut butters), Nut meal, Nutella ®, Nutmeat, Nut oil (e.g., Walnut oil as well as other nut oils), Nut paste, Nut pieces, Pecan, Pigñolia, Pili nut, Pine nut, Pine nut (Indian, piñon, pinyon, pigndi, pigñolia, pignon nuts), Pinon nut, Piñon or Piñon nut, Pinus spp. (Pineaceae) [botanical name, Pine nut/piñon nut], Pistachio, Pistacia vera L. (Anacardiaceae) [botanical name, Pistachio], Pralines, Prunus dulcis (Rosaceae) [bontanical name, almond] Shea nut, Sheanut, Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn. (Sapotaceae) [botanical name, Shea nut] Walnut (English, Persian, Black, Japanese, California).
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION

 

  1. PEANUTS
    Also known as groundnuts.
    Found in: biscuits, cakes, curries, desserts, sauces (e.g. satay sauce), candy, chili, egg rolls, plant protein, marzipan, nougat, natural flavouring, groundnut oil, and peanut flour.
    On Label: ground nuts, beer nuts, monkey nuts, nut meat, arachis oil, kernels, peanut protein, arachic oil, Arachis, Arachis hypogaea, artificial nuts, boiled peanuts, peanut oil (all types), crushed nuts, crushed peanuts, earth nuts, goober peas, ground peanuts, mixed nuts, nut pieces, peanut butter, peanut flour, peanut paste, peanut sauce, peanut syrup, Virginia peanuts.
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION

 

  1. SESAME SEEDS
    Found in
    : bread (e.g. hamburger buns), breadsticks, hummus, soups, crackers, chutney, sesame oil, tahini, and sometimes in salads.
    On Label: Sesame seeds, sesame oil, benne, benne seed, gingelly, gingelly oil.
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION


 

  1. SOYA
    Found in
    : bean curd, edamame beans, miso paste, textured soya protein, soya flour (tofu), desserts, ice cream, bean sprouts, vegetable broth, teriyaki sauce, meat products, sauces, and many vegetarian products.
    On Label: soy flour, soya milk, soya nuts, bean curd, edamame (soybeans in pods), soy protein, kinnoko flour, kyodofu (freeze dried tofu), miso, natto, okara (soy pulp), shoyu sauce, soy albumin, soy concentrate, soy fibre, soy formula, soy grits, soy milk, tofu, soybean, vegetable gum.
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION


 

  1. SULPHUR DIOXIDE (OR ‘SULPHITES’)
    Found in
    : raisins, dried apricots, prunes, meat products, soft drinks, vegetables, pickled foods and vinegar, dried fruit, tinned coconut milk, guacamole, bottled lemon/lime juice, some processed meat products, vegetable juices, and also wine and beer.
    On Label: sulphur, sulphur dioxide, sulphite, sulphites, potassium bisulphite, metabisulphite, sulphiting agents, sulphurous acid, E220 Sulphur dioxide, E221 Sodium sulphite, E222 Sodium hydrogen sulphite, E223 Sodium metabisulphite, E224 Potassium metabisulphite, E226 Calcium sulphite, E227 Calcium hydrogen sulphite, E228 Potassium hydrogen sulphite, E150b Caustic sulphite caramel, E150d Sulphite ammonia caramel.
    CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION

Sources are from Anaphylaxis Campaign and Allergy UK.

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